Edo Period Timeline
Tokugawa Ieyasu retires as shôgun in favor of his son Hidetada.
Tokugawa Ieyasu meets with Toyotomi Hideyori at Nijô Castle in Kyôto.
February 1 The Tokugawa Bakufu officially orders the expulsion of all missionaries from Japan.
November The Osaka Winter Campaign begins.
January 19 A cease-fire is called at Osaka Castle.
May 28 The Osaka Summer Campaign begins.
June 3 The Toyotomi army is defeated in the Battle of Tennôji; Hideyori commits suicide.
June 1 Tokugawa Ieyasu dies.
The bakufu expells the Spanish.
The sankin - kotai (alternate attendance) system is established, announced in an amendment to the Buke shohatto. A futher amendment stipulates that no ships over 500 koku burden may be built.
December 11 The Shimabara Rebellion begins.
April 12 The Shimabara Rebellion is crushed.
August 4 Portuguese trade is terminated, making the sakoku (closed country) policy all but complete.
The Dutch presence at Hirado ends - the Dutch move their operations to Deshima (Hizen).
The buying and selling of land is prohibited.
Tokugawa Tsunayoshi (1646-1709) becomes shôgun.
A final attempt by the Portuguese to re-establish relations with Japan results in failure.
1701 - 1702
The Incident of the 47 Ronin occurs.
Tokugawa Ienobu (1622-1712) becomes shôgun.
Tokugawa Ietsugu (1709-16) becomes shôgun.
The hyôjôsho (supreme court) is established in Edo Castle.
Arai Hakuseki (b.1657), a noted historian, dies.
Noted Confucian scholar Ogyû Sorai (b.1666) dies.
84,000 peasants protest heavy taxation in Iwaki province.
Tokugawa Ieshige (1711-61) becomes shôgun.
168,000 peasants protest heavy taxation on Kyushu.
Tokugawa Ieharu (1737-86) becomes shôgun.
1782 - 1787
The Temmei famine kills as many as 1.5 million.
Tokugawa Ienari (1773-1841) becomes shôgun.
The Bakufu orders that all foreign ships nearing the coast be fired upon.
Saigo Takamori is born.
Yamagata Aritomo, the future prime minister of Japan, is born.
The edict of 1825 is relaxed.
'Battle of the Tonegawa' - rival outlaw gangs clash in Shimosa.
Noted woodblock artist Katsushika Hokusai dies.
Tokugawa Iesada (1824-58) becomes shôgun.
US Commodore Mathew Perry's 'black ships' arrive in Tokyo Bay.
July 29 The Bakufu signs a commercial treaty with the American government.
March 24 Ii Naosuke is assassinated outside Edo Castle.
Tokugawa Yoshinobu is appointed shogunal regent.
June 25 Chôshû forces shell foreign ships in the Shimonoseki Straits.
August British ships bombard Kagoshima following the murder of diplomat C. L. Richardson.
Anegakoji Kintomo, an anti-Bakufu noble, is assassinated.
September An allied naval group (including British, Dutch, French, and American ships) attacks and defeats the Chôshû daimyo.
June Bakufu forces launch an abortive campaign to eliminate the Chôshû power bloc.
August Tokugawa Iemochi dies.
January 10 Tokugawa Yoshinobu is appointed shôgun.
June 25 The port of Hyogo is opened to foreign ships.
September Hara Ichinoshin, one of Tokugawa Yoshinobu's closest confidents, is assassinated.
November Tokugawa Yoshinobu restores authority to the Imperial house. The Edo Period officially ends.
The Meiji Restoration
January 27-29 Tokugawa loyalists are defeated by Imperialists near Osaka at the Battle of Fushimi.
April The Gokajo no Goseimon (Charter Oath) is drawn up in the name of Emperor Meiji.
May 3 Edo Castle is surrendered to imperial forces and Tokugawa Yoshinobu is placed under house arrest.
June An Imperial constitution is drawn up; the Imperial capital is moved to Edo - which is renamed Tokyo.
July 4 The Tokugawa forces at Ueno are destroyed.
Enomoto Takeaki, a Bakufu loyalist, finally surrenders in Hokkaido.
The wearing of swords is declared optional and all remaining daimyo domains are abolished in August; the old provinces are replaced by prefectures.
Conscription is reinstated.
The wearing of swords becomes illegal.
February The Satsuma Rebellion, led by Saigo Takamori, begins.
November The Satsuma Rebellion is crushed at the Battle of Shiroyama.
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