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Tokugawa Shogun Lineage:






(1) 1603-1605 Tokugawa Ieyasu (1542-1616)

after Hideyoshi dies, Ieyasu allows wife and son Hideyori to set up Osaka castle.

1600 battle at Sekigahara; Ieyasu victorious

1603 awarded title from emperor: 'sei-i taishogun'

1607 retires to Sunpu, leaving Edo to Hidetada

1613 with Holland. and England to trade with, Ieyasu launches attack on Jesuits.

1614 siege of Osaka castle: anti-Tokugawa forces had assembled under Hideyori.

1615 laws for military households declaired

1615 laws: samurai should study literature and martial arts

1615? daimyo should destroy all but one castle of their domain

(2) 1605-1623 Tokugawa Hidetada (1579-1632)

1614 under Ieyasu's direction; issues edicts against Jesuits.

1616 reissues stronger edicts against Jesuits; apostasy nearly complete by 1630.

1623 transfers shogun title to son Iemitsu, but continues to rule.

(3) 1623-1651 Tokugawa Iemitsu (1604-1651) 1632 becomes Shogun after death of Hidetada

1634 takes army of 309,000 to Kyoto to display his power.

1635 sankin-kootai hostage system formalized for tozama daimyo.

1642 sankin-kootai hostage system made compulsory for fudai daimyo.

1649 limits size of daimyo military forces, according to size

1650 Iemitsu asks Hoshina Masayuki (Aizu ??-1672) to be guardian for Ietsuna

(4) 1651-1680 Tokugawa Ietsuna (1641-1680)

(5) 1680-1709 Tokugawa Tsunayoshi (1646-1709)

1680s bakufu reserves were gone; must tax more, spend less

clothing, housing, food, etc.; ideological link between status and consumption 1705 dissolves Yodoya merchant house; takes its wealth.

(6) 1709-1712 Tokugawa Ienobu (1663-1712)

(7) 1713-1716 Tokugawa Ietsugu (1709-1716)

(8) 1716-1745 Tokugawa Yoshimune (1684-1751)

(9) 1745-1760 Tokugawa Ieshige (1711-1761) 'the most incapable shogun'

(10) 1760-1786 Tokugawa Ieharu (1737-1786)

(11) 1787-1837 Tokugawa Ienari (1773-1841)

(12) 1837-1853 Tokugawa Ieyoshi (1793-1853)

(13) 1853-1858 Tokugawa Iesada (1824-1858)

(14) 1858-1866 Tokugawa Iemochi (1846-1866)

(15) 1866-1867 Tokugawa Yoshinobu (1837-1913): = Seventh son of Mito daimyo Tokugawa Nariaki (1800-1860)

1847 succeeds Hitotsubashi family.

1866 reorganizes bakufu on advice of French ambassador Roche

1867 reversion to Dajo government.



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